Pre-Foreclosures – The Goldmine of the Next Decade
Foreclosure is a process in which a piece of real estate becomes the property of a lending institution due to the legal owner's inability to make scheduled payments on the mortgage or deed of trust.
Typically, the lender files a notice of default after a homeowner fails to make his or her mortgage payments for several months. If the loan is not reinstated, the lender moves to foreclose. As a result, the lender becomes the new legal owner of the property and has the right to resell the property and recover any outstanding loan balances in addition to foreclosure expenses.
The foreclosure process consistants of three stages: pre-foreclosure, which begins the redemption period; Foreclosure, which is when the home is sold at a public auction; And post-foreclosure, which is when the property reverts back to the lender if it fails to sell at the public auction. Although each stage offers bargain-buying opportunities, the pre-foreclosure stage is considered by many real estate investors to be the most promising time to purchase during the foreclosure process.
Investing in pre-foreclosures means you will be acquiring property any time before the scheduled public auction. As the investor, you will be buying the property directly from the owner. The earlier you contact a homeowner in pre-foreclosure, the more time you will have to make a connection, structure a deal and purchase the property.
There is a common misconception that real estate investors purchasing homes from owners facing foreclosure are taking advantage of the homeowner's misfortune. This is simply not true. A Notice of Default is filed only when a borrower (property owner) has broken the terms agreed upon with lender at theception of the loan in default. This breech gives the lender every right to protect its financial interests. Therefore, an experienced real estate investor becomes the problem solver by finding a win-win solution that will help the homeowner get out of default.
Property owners facing foreclosure are typically scarred or in denial. Many of them hope some miracle will happen that will make their ordinal simply go away. Doing nothing will certainly ensure a homeowner's foreclosure, loss of home, loss of equity and credit rating damage for an entire decade.
When dealing with an owner in pre-foreclosure, talk to them as soon as possible. It is vital to explain the following three benefits of avoiding foreclosure:
1. Protects their credit
By working with an investor, homeowners may be able to avoid foreclosure and begin rebuilding credit. Even if a homeowner endures the process of losing his or her home, the repercussions of a foreclosure on a credit report are far reaching. A poor credit rating affects everything from buying a car to renting a home. With certain businesses, credit is even a factor in employment. Investors often help homeowners protect credit.
2. Make a profit
While it is true that real estate investors purchase at a discount, a homeowner facing default may still be able to recover some of their equity and walk away with profit.
3. Get a fresh start
Stopping the foreclosure allows homeowners to breathe a sigh of relief. As the pain and pressure of the foreclosure lifts, they find it easier to move on and begin rebuilding their life.
Buying in the pre-foreclosure stage can be the most lucrative slice of a real estate investor's business. Once rapport and trust have been established, a professional real estate investor can determine whether the sale of a property would really benefit everyone involved.
There are various ways to profit while helping people find viable solutions for their defaults. The following three are most common:
1. Purchase at a discount
Real estate investors are not likely to make a profit by purchasing at full market value. As an investor, it is essential to inform potential sellers that you earn your living from your profits. Therefore, you must buy for less than retail price while taking into account acquisition, sales and holding costs and any necessary repairs. A discount of twenty to thirty percent of full market value is common practice among real estate investors.
2. Buy property "subject to" the existing loan
There are widely spread rumors that it is illegal to purchase property that involves taking over an existing mortgage. This is completely false. While assumable loans are practically extinct, it is perfectly legal to purchase property subject to an existing loan. It is important to be aware of the "due on sale" clause staging the existing lender can call the loan due upon the transfer of title. In other words, the lender has the right to demand full payment of the outstanding loan balance at the time of transfer. In practice, lenders would rather receive their monthly payments than call the loan. Purchasing property subject to the existing financing means a smaller out-of-pocket investment for the real estate investor.
3. Create instant equity utilizing a Short Sale
Structuring a Short Sale can prove profitable when dealing with a homeowner facing foreclosure property is equity deficient. In this market, troubled lenders would rather discount their mortgages than increase their already mounting inventory of foreclosed properties. The type of discount you create will greatly depend on the quality of your Short Sale package combined with the quality of your negotiating skills.
Real estate investors prevent a large number of foreclosures every year across the country. There are many ways for investors to make a profit while helping people move on with their lives.
Undoubtedly, the money is there to be made. Pre-foreclosures are a fabulous way to make it.
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